Lesser Florican belongs to Gruiformes Order and Otididae family. The bird is recorded from Nepal, India and Pakistaan. Lesser Florican is a very rare summer visitor in Nepal. Hodson had recorded it also in Kathmandu valley during 19th Century. Presently, there are very few sighting of the species only at Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and Chitwan and Bardia National Parks. The estimated maximum population is 10 individuals in Nepal. It is listed as an endangered species in the IUCN Red List category. Nepal Bird Red Data Book categorizes it as a Critically Endangered species in Nepal. The legal status of this globally threatened species in Nepal is Protected (Appendix I) under the National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act 1973 and Appendix II in CITES law.